Wayne Yakes, MD
The Yakes Vascular Malformation Center
Disclosure(s): No financial relationships to disclose
Ethanol has proven its consistent curative potential at long-term follow-up for high-flow AVMs and low-flow VM lesions at long-term follow-up as lesions in the periphery. Complication rates remain low. The procedures are tolerated well by the patients and done on an out-patient basis. Prior surgery and embolization procedures can cause difficulty in lesion access, but does not obviate further ethanol endovascular treatment.