67 - Geniculate Artery Embolization: A New Frontier for Osteoarthritis Management
S. Kaushik, S. Ramasamy
Purpose: To delineate the role of geniculate artery embolization in the management of osteoarthritis via a review current literature
Material and Methods: Based on information gathered from a literature review, a description of the workflow from pre-procedural planning to post-procedural factors will be given. A description of the steps will also be given along with figures for visual benefit. A literature search was done in PubMed and a total of three clinical trials were found. These trials were reviewed to determine the number of patients treated, the number of geniculate artery procedures performed, and the outcomes.
Results: Three studies were used from an initial search consisting of forty-one results. A total of 55 patients were analyzed across the three trials and results showed a consistent decrease in Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores. The technical success rate was 100%. Average WOMAC and VAS scores improved from baseline at 1-, 4-, and 6-month intervals during follow up. VAS scores on average decreased by 53.3% across all three trials over the follow up periods. No major adverse events were reported across the trails.
Conclusions: Analysis of results from clinical trials as well as review articles shows that geniculate artery embolization offers a minimally invasive solution in the management of osteoarthritis.