Identify the multiple causes and consequences of nocturia in terms of its relation to increased morbidity and mortality.
Explain how to utilize the voiding diary to categorize nocturia and generate a roster of underlying medical conditions, treatment of which may result in summative improvement.
Review the pathophysiological causes of nocturia and how they may be reversed with cause-specific therapy.
Appraise available data describing outcomes of nocturia treatment with targeted therapies.
Apply concepts learned to real-life case studies describing diagnosis and treatment of nocturia.
The course in nocturia is intended to present a scheme for evaluation of the patient with bothersome nocturia, designed to allow for rational treatment based upon correct diagnosis. The use of sound general medicine concepts added to the standard urologic armamentarium, along with detailed analysis of the micturition diary, will result in an understanding of the multifactorial etiologies of nocturia, facilitating their stratification appropriate to a therapeutic strategy. New information will be presented regarding studies of the relationship of nocturia and blood pressure, highlighting evidence linking severe nocturia to early mortality. These data provide compelling reasons to consider nocturia a condition which should be evaluated and treated independent of bother much in the same manner as hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Exciting recent developments in nocturia therapy will be reviewed, along with translational science upon which future diagnosis and treatment strategies may be based. Case-based learning utilizing enhanced online tools will enhance the course’s value.