IRCCS Policlinico San Martino Hospital - University of Genova
Introduction: To compare observed overall survival vs age-adjusted life-table (LT) derived life expectancy (LE) in metastatic urothelial bladder cancer (MBCa) patients according to race/ethnicity.
Methods: We identified Caucasian, African American, Hipanic/Latino and Asian metastatic urothelial bladder cancer patients from 2004 to 2011 within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database to. Social Security Administration tables were used to compute five-year LE. LT-derived LE was compared with observed overall survival OS. Additionally, we relied on Poisson regression plots to display cancer-specific mortality (CSM) relative to other-cause mortality (OCM) for each race/ethnicity.
Results: Overall, 2,286 MBCa patients were identified. Of those, 1,800 (79%) were Caucasian vs 212 (9.3%) African American vs 189 (8.3%) Hispanic/Latino vs 85 (3.7%) Asians. The median age at diagnosis was 71 years for Asians vs 70 for Caucasians vs 67 for Hispanic/Latinos vs 67 for African Americans. African Americans showed the biggest difference between observed OS and LT-predicted LE at five years (-83.8%), followed by Hispanic/Latinos (-81%), Caucasians (-77%) and Asian patients (-69%). In Poisson regression plots, Hispanic/Latinos displayed the highest cancer-specific mortality rate (88%), while African/Americans showed the highest other cause mortality rate (12%). Conversely, Asian patients displayed the lowest CSM rate (83%) and second-lowest OCM rate (7%).
Conclusions: African Americans showed the least favorable survival profile in MBCa, despite being youngest at diagnosis. Contrarily, Asians displayed the best survival profile in MBCa, despite being oldest at diagnosis.