PD18: Kidney Cancer: Epidemiology & Evaluation/Staging/Surveillance II
PD18-08: Prognostic Value of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio for Small Renal Cell Carcinomas After Image-Guided Cryoablation (CRYO) or Radio-Frequency Ablation (RFA)
Saturday, May 14, 2022
8:10 AM – 8:20 AM
Location: Room 255
Aqua Asif*, Leicester, United Kingdom, Filzah Hanis Osman, Jasmine Sze-Ern Koe, Leeds, United Kingdom, Alexander Ng, London, United Kingdom, Jon Cartledge, Michael Kimuli, Naveen Vasudev, Christy Ralph, Satinder Jagdev, Selina Bhattarai, Jonathan Smith, James Lenton, Vinson Wai-Shun Chan, Tze Min Wah, Leeds, United Kingdom
Introduction: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are known prognostic factors for RCC. The associations of NLR and PLR have not been investigated for patients post-cryoablation. Interestingly, only NLR has been investigated for patients undergoing RFA. This will be the first study investigating the relationship between NLR or PLR and outcomes of cryoablation or RFA using 10-year outcomes.
Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database at a specialised centre for renal cancer. All patients undergoing cryoablation or RFA for small RCCs ( <7cm) from 2003-2016 were included. Optimal cut-offs for NLR/PLR were determined using the ROC curve and AUC using the Youden method. Outcomes were compared using Cox or logistic regression.
Results: 203 patients were included in total. 103 and 100 underwent CRYO or RFA, respectively. Median follow-up was 75 months and 98 months, respectively. With the Youden method, high post-operative NLR (>5.38) was found to be associated with worsened LRFS and worsened OS in all patients (when CRYO and RFA are analysed as one group [n=203]). High post-operative PLR was also associated with worsened OS in all patients (n=203) and RFA patients alone (n=100).
Analysed as continuous variables, greater changes in peri-operative NLR were associated with worsened LRFS in CRYO alone (n= 103) and all patients. Greater changes in post-operative NLR were also associated with worsened LRFS in CRYO patients. OS was worsened in all patients with higher post-op NLR and greater changes in peri-operative NLR. Higher post-operative NLR and PLR, and greater changes in peri-operative NLR and PLR were all associated with worsened CSS in all patients. Peri-operative change of NLR and PLR were associated with worsened MFS in all patients. Pre-operative PLR and NLR were not found to be associated with short-term outcomes (complications or renal function reduction).
Conclusions: Higher post-operative NLR or PLR and peri-operative change of NLR or PLR are valuable prognostic factors for this group of patients and should be used to guide subsequent follow-up and monitoring of recurrence.