Identify currently available energy sources being promoted for utilization in the vaginal canal and on the vulvar skin
Cite scientific data to support or refute utilization of energy sources for genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), lichen sclerosis, stress urinary incontinence (SUI), overactive bladder (OAB), chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs), vaginal tightening etc.
Identify techniques to safely deliver these various therapies
Classify optimized patient selection and informed consent related to these interventions
Describe controversies and recent consensus opinions related to these therapies
This course will review the indications, techniques, mechanism of action and outcomes of a variety of energy sources (fractional CO2 lasers, erbium YAG lasers and radiofrequency devices) used to treat the vaginal and vulvar skin. Evidence for the interventions will be summarized, as will a patient centered approach with emphasis on creating reasonable expectations for therapy and delineating therapeutic from cosmetic claims and indications. Most recent clinical evidence, consensus opinions and society statements will be summarized and included as part of course content.