Economy, Development and Urbanization
Institutional Panel by the International Institute for Asian Studies, the Netherlands
Ever since China announced the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, many academic research, policy reports, and journalistic commentaries have been very sceptical about the intentions and outcomes of such a massive infrastructure plan. On the one hand, China’s slowing economic growth, the unprecedented problem of overcapacity and inevitable development bottlenecks have contributed to drive speculation and interest into the study of the hidden agenda of extractive neo-colonialism, military expansionism and authoritarian statism (Mawdsley 2008; Nyíri 2012). On the other hand, there is now recognition of the great intellectual significance to probe on how the engaging/recipient countries leverage President Xi’s ambitious Chinese dream and the abundance Chinese capital (Duanmu, n.d.; Lee 2017; Liu and Lim 2019). To this extent, recent works have emphasized the ‘highly contingent, extremely loose, and indeterminate nature’ of Chinese grand strategy, driven by both the competing interests within the Chinese state and the divergent domestic dynamics of power in host states (Camba 2020; Jones and Zeng 2019; Klinger and Muldavin 2019; Lee 2017; Tjia 2020).
The section will examine how foreign policies around BRI that signal geopolitical and geo-economic asymmetries of power between China and engaging states are mutually co- evolving with the pull and push factors influencing the political economy of industrial development. By considering the international-domestic nexus and the geostrategic-political economy connections of the BRI, the proposed project promises to map and explain the immediate—and possible long-term—outcomes of Chinese grand strategy coalescing around the BRI.
This double panel opted to record all presentations together, you can find this Panel video in the footer under the Session information, this video contains the presentations of both panels.
Presenter: Jewellord T. Nem Singh – International Institute of Social Studies (IISS)
Presenter: Linda Yin-nor Tjia – City University of Hong Kong
Presenter: Alvin Camba – Josef Korbel School of International Studies, Denver University
Presenter: Linda Szabó – Periféria Policy and Research Center
Presenter: Trissia Wijaya – Asia Research Centre