Montclair State University Wayne, New Jersey, United States
Sarah Cho (Montclair State University)
Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthesis (IGPS) is an enzyme that catalyzes the ring closure in 1-(o-carbocyphenylamino)-1-deoxyribulose 5-phosphate (CdRP). Multiple steps are expected to be involved in formation of the pyrrole ring including dehydration, decarboxylation, cyclization, and condensation. IGPS is an essential protein in the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis and a potential target in the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. In order to better understand the function of Mycobacterium tuberculosis IGPS (MtIGPS), we introduced single-point mutations into active site residues. I expressed and purified MtIGPS mutants N189L and E57D. The catalytic activities of the mutants were lower than that of the wild type MtIGPS, indicating that these residues play important roles in catalysis. The Michaelis constant, pH-dependence, and temperature dependence of the mutants were also determined. Wildtype MtIGPS was found to have a Km of 3.0 ± 0.6uM and a kcat value of 1.8 ± 0.13s-1 whereas E57D kinetics revealed a Km of 11.6 ± 2.1 uM and a kcat value of 0.047 ± 0.0009s-1. N189L indicated no measurable activity and could not be further characterized. The data on E57D show an altered pH profile, possibly resulting from the lower pKa of D compared to E, and support the hypothesis that E57 serves as the catalytic base in MtIGPS mechanism. Together these data contribute to an improved understanding of the MtIGPS catalysis and ligand binding.