Postdoctoral Fellow University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio San Antonio, Texas, United States
Antonio Soares (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)| Tarek Abd El-Aziz (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)| Elena Mironova (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)| James Stockand (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)
Activity of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) fine-tunes renal Na+ excretion and consequently, contributes to the normal control of blood pressure. ENaC is expressed in the apical membrane of principal cells. Importantly, ENaC is activated by the hormone vasopressin via the V2 receptor, which is coupled to the heterotrimeric Gs protein. Stimulation of the V2 receptor rapidly activates adenylyl cyclase to increase intracellular cAMP levels. We have recently developed a mouse model with targeted expression of the Gs designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD) in renal principal cells (GsD). Moreover, this mouse line has a luciferase reporter downstream of a cAMP response element binding protein site. As such, it allows in vivo reporting of cAMP levels. DREADD receptors are activated by clozapine N-oxide (CNO), which normally is an inert drug with no biological activity in the absence of DREADD receptors. We test here if CNO affects the activity of ENaC to influence renal salt and water excretion in GsD mice similarly to vasopressin. In these mice, we longitudinally monitored CNO-stimulated cAMP levels in principal cells using an IVIS Lumina XR. In parallel, we quantified CNO-dependent ENaC activity and renal sodium excretion. We observed that CNO increased ENaC activity in principal cells in freshly isolated tubules from GsD mice compared to control mice. Metabolic cages experiments demonstrated that CNO treatment (0.1 mg/kg) increased cAMP levels concomitantly with reducing sodium excretion similarly to dDAVP (1 µg) in GsD mice. Finally, in COS-7 cells expressing murine ENaC tagged with YFP, CPT-cAMP increased translocation of ENaC to the plasma membrane. Here we demonstrated the utility of a new principal cell-specific Gs-DREADD mouse line. This new mouse model will be an important tool for investigating the effects of abnormal cAMP signaling in principal cells possibly informing understanding of the cellular mechanism underpinning conditions like polycystic kidney disease.
Support or Funding Information
This search was supported by NIH/NIDDK grants R01DK113816 and R01DK117909.