After a spinal cord injury (SCI), the voluntary activation of the muscles below the level of injury is reduced or abolished and can reduce muscle force production, impairing physical function and leading to other significant comorbidities. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can enhance neuromuscular recovery in persons with SCI. This Pre-Conference course will present on a few of the commercially available stimulators to teach participants to safely handle electrical stimulation units. The workshop will also summarize the existing evidence on how the basic stimulation parameters influence muscle activation, evoked torque and fatigue during NMES.
Upon completion, participants will be able to distinguish between different stimulation parameters responsible for evoking force including frequency, pulse duration and amplitude of the current.
Upon completion, participants will be able to design a stimulation protocol focusing on inducing resistance training for lower extremity muscles.
Upon completion, participants will be able to safely handle applications of blood flow restricted exercise or transspinal stimulation in a manner that will enhance neuromuscular recovery in persons with SCI.