Advancement in rehabilitation technologies offers wide arrays of improvement in sensory, motor and autonomic dysfunction after SCI. Knowledge about these technological advancements is a key to prescribe an effective plan of care for persons with SCI. Epidural stimulation has emerged as the most promising rehabilitation tool to promote improvement in motor functions, locomotion and reduce pain following SCI. We, hereby, would like to summarize the basic and clinical research findings of this therapeutic tool; which may facilitate translational applications in the field of SCI.
Upon completion, participants will understand how epidural stimulation likely reduces pain after spinal cord injury.
Upon completion, participants will be able to understand the current research findings and major indications of epidural stimulation after SCI.
Upon completion, participants will be able to identify the basic physiological mechanisms thought to underlie applications of ES to enhance cardio-vascular and motor function after SCI.