The Faculty of Landscape, , Atelier XHSCAPE Shanghai Landscape Architects; Chinese-German Center of Constructional Culture (Chinesisch-Deutsches Austauschzenturm für Baukultur)
Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, China
School of Archaeology & Museology
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University;
Session Abstract: During cultural interactions among Asian countries, the collision between foreign landscape culture and a country’s indigenous tradition of garden making was never new. When absorbing a foreign landscape element into their own design, many architects and landscape designers in history and modern times bear similar reflections of passing down the genes of their own landscape cultures. This session looks into the reception of foreign landscape elements in Asian countries with a focus on the garden-architecture relationship, which is arguably the most critical factor in characterizing the spatial composition of Asian countries’ landscape cultures.
In China, current debates on the role of traditional gardens in urban-scale modern landscape designs and practices of integrating Shan-shui (mountains and waters) tradition into the modern landscape are significantly shaping China’s built environment as well as the direction of its architectural theories. India’s Buddhist monastic landscape and the Pure Land imagery first received full developments in China, and eventually found a special position in Japan with completely modified contours. Chinese garden palaces of the Tang Dynasty exerted significant influences on the formation of Japanese shinden-style garden residence. Yet after centuries of cultural reflection and negotiation, Japan developed shoin-style after shinden-style residences with its own specialty, which allowed Japanese architects to contribute their own “Japan-ness” to the modernist architectural ideas across the world. The Japanese Kare-sansui, traditionally considered a Japanese artistic representation of the Zen doctrines received from Song-Yuan China, could also be traced back to the ceremonial courtyards in Nara-Heian imperial palaces.
Paper Presenter: Yi Zhou – Beijing University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
Paper Presenter: Mengyixin Li – Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Paper Presenter: Zhu Xu – University of Hong Kong
Paper Presenter: Shigeo Kawamoto – Kindai University; Kyoto Women’s University