To view this PAPER PRESENTATION, search for the session title in the Browse by Titlelisting. (See the session title located immediately below ["In Session:"])
China and Inner Asia
In Session: Patterns of Patronage in Qing Beijing: Decentering Chinese Art History in the Long Eighteenth Century
2: Fashishan’s Art World：A Glimpse of Private Patronage in Qing Beijing
Tuesday, March 23, 2021
8:30am – 10:00am EDT
Peking University, China (People's Republic)
Fashishan法式善（1753-1813）, born as a Mongol baoyi 包衣 in Imperial Household Department, got a jinshi 进士degree and became a senior offical in Hanlin Academy and the Imperial College. Fashishan was famous for his poetry and his collection of paintings and poems portrayed his residence Shikan诗龛. Fashishan lived in the capital Beijing and rarely left there throughout his life. He often organized elegant gatherings in Shikan, and thus established a network of literati, officials, poets and artists centered around himself. He made friends with a large number of artists of different ethnic groups, identities, styles and regions, that covered almost all active artists in Beijing, even on a national scale. Besides, Fashishan provided significant help to these artists, he gathered them in his residence, organized cooperative painting activities, praised artists in his poems, recommended bright prospects for them and introduced them to a wide circle of scholar-officials in Beijing. As he said proudly: “My poems can contribute to others’ painting works”, “The painters’ value and reputation will increase because of my comments.” Fashishan acted not only as a patron, but also a recorder, a participant, and a conductor. Considering his supportive activities and generous patronage, Fashishan was considered to be the leader of the art world outside the court, whose artistic influence reached various points in Beijing. This paper not only explores Fashishan’ s role and contribution in Beijing, but also reveals the close interactions between the Beijing scholars and the artist group. In the context of private patronage, a wide artistic network formed. Beijing was not only the stronghold of conservative style or court paintings, but also the national painting center.