Session Abstract: This panel upends the 1990s debate on Japan’s never-ending “postwar” by focusing on the “rights” discourse, popular movements and pacifism in Japan to examine the meanings of the “postwar” from a spatial and transnational perspective. Anglophone literature in the 90s had repeatedly interrogated the “postwar” as a “chrono-political” regime in Japan and debated whether it ended with the Cold War. However, the “postwar” had also been a simultaneously spatial and temporal limbo in which ideas about history, peace, rights, and nationhood were exchanged and (mis)translated transnationally as they were strenuously developed temporally. In this panel with pre-circulated papers and no conventional presentations, we examine the spatial dimension of the “postwar” by directly going into commentating the research of co-panelists on topics such as: Japanese women’s peace activism in the contexts of U.S.-led Occupation and socialist-leaning Women’s International Democratic Federation (Akiko Takenaka), conservatism and nationalism in anti-American postwar popular movements through the example of famous activist Shimizu Ikutaro (Seok-Won Lee), activism for residents of occupied Okinawa in the nascent Asia-Afro solidarity and global human rights movements (Fumi Inoue), and the root of the 1990s human rights framing of Japan’s “historical problems” in the late 1940s GHQ-directed jinken (lit. human rights) reforms by Japanese, American, and (former) German legal professionals (Keyao Pan). Our discussion seeks to create a four-way transnational space-time map and interrogate how we locate such essential ideas and related activism in the land- and time-scape of the “postwar” and the potential of them to go beyond such a paradigm.