To view this PAPER PRESENTATION, search for the session title in the Browse by Titlelisting. (See the session title located immediately below ["In Session:"])
China and Inner Asia
In Session: Science and China's Foreign Relations, from 1945 to the Deng Era
4: Deng Xiaoping’s Views on Science and Technology: Origins of the Sino-U.S. Science and Technology Cooperation, 1977-1979
Tuesday, March 23, 2021
8:30am – 10:00am EDT
East China Normal University, China (People's Republic)
In the late 1970s, after the tumultuous period of the Cultural Revolution, the policy of the Chinese government in terms of scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation with the United States changed from rejection and exclusion to active participation and promotion. In this process, ideas and views played an important role. The outlook of the Chinese leadership and particularly Deng Xiaoping on science, redefined the notion of Chinese national interests. It turned the promotion of Sino-U.S. science and technology cooperation into an active policy of the Chinese government. The paper makes use of Chinese and American archival materials and explores interactions between the U.S. and China through the prism of Science and Technology cooperation. In the 1970s, the two countries conducted large-scale intergovernmental cooperation in the field of civil science and technology, signed the agreement on scientific and technological cooperation and dozens of MOUs and protocols, and finally established a long-term scientific and technological cooperation system in 1979. In the 1970s, the establishment of scientific and technological cooperation relationship and the implementation of projects became an essential topic in bilateral relations between the two governments. The paper attempts to highlight the importance of scientific and technological cooperation to the establishment of long-term friendly relations beyond other high politics issues like Taiwan.