The role of tumor-associated astrocytes in the microenvironment of glioma has long been underestimated but is moving into the focus of current research. We explored the role of reactive astrocytes in IDH-mutated glioma using RNA-sequencing of purified astrocytes and microglia and single-nucleus RNA-sequencing of infiltrating tumor regions. Mapping of the transcriptional phenotype of astrocytes along developmental and reactive trajectories revealed an inflammatory transformation of IDH-mutated associated astrocytes. The major proportion of astrocytes is marked by complement-activation similar to findings in neuroinflammatory diseases. A human neocortical slices model with injected IDH-mutated patient-derived cells or D-2HG treatment (+/- microglia depletion) was used to map shared and unique transcriptional adaptation in astrocytes promoted by either tumor cells or metabolic alteration. High-dimensional electrophysiological profiling was used to investigate alterations in neural response to tumor-induced microenvironmental transformation. We showed that 2HG alone promote the inflammatory pattern of astrocytes, which causes neurotoxicity and seizures in our neocortical slice model. Depletion of microglia rescued the neurotoxicity suggesting that microglia predominantly drive inflammatory astrogliosis as a response to metabolic alteration the tumor environment. We showed that neurotoxic astrogliosis induced by the oncometabolite D-2HG via distinct microglia activation promote the evolution of frequently observed seizures in IDH-mutated glioma patients.