Track: 16. Epidemiology
Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, New York
Individuals 65 years or older with epilepsy were identified using ICD-9-CM codes in the 2014 Nationwide Readmission Database. Proportions of 30-day readmission and causes of readmissions in older adults with epilepsy were compared to both older adults without and younger adults (18-64 years old) with epilepsy. We identified predictors of readmission in older adults with epilepsy using logistic regression.
There were 92,030 older adults with, 3,166,852 older adults without, and 168,622 younger adults with epilepsy. Proportions of readmissions were higher in older adults with (16.17%) than older adults without (12.53%) and younger adults with epilepsy (15.13%). The main cause of readmission for older adults with and without epilepsy was septicemia, and epilepsy/seizure in younger adults with epilepsy. Predictors associated with 30-day readmissions in older adults with epilepsy were: gender (male vs female OR 1.04, 95%CI 1.00-1.09, p=0.04), type of admissions (non-elective vs elective OR 1.37, 95%CI 1.27-1.48, p< 0.01), primary payer (Medicaid vs. private insurance OR 1.19, 95%CI 1.02-1.39, p=0.03; Medicare vs private insurance OR 1.11, 95%CI 1.00-1.22, p=0.04), median household income for patient’s zipcode ($66000+ vs $1-$39,999 OR 0.87, 95%CI 0.82-0.92, p< 0.01), hospital location (large metropolitan areas vs non-urban residual OR 1.22, 95%CI 1.05-1.42, p=0.01), and Charlson-Deyo index (OR 1.11, 95%CI 1.10-1.02, p< 0.01).
Conclusions: Older patients with epilepsy have a higher risk of readmission compared to those without epilepsy. Unlike younger adults with epilepsy who are predominantly re-admitted for seizures, both older populations were mainly admitted for septicemia. Our findings suggest that older adults struggle both with epilepsy and conditions specific to their age group, and this combined risk should be considered by clinicians to prevent readmissions.
Funding: Please list any funding that was received in support of this abstract.: No funding was received in support for this abstract