Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport, LA
Subhash C. Garikipati, MD1, Shiva Jashwanth Gaddam, MD1, Udhayvir S. Grewal, MD1, Aakash R. Sheth, MD2, Hrishikesh Samant, MD3; 1Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA; 2LSU Shreveport, Shreveport, LA; 3Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Shreveport, LA
Introduction: The internet has become an incredible source of medical information with an increasing number of people gaining access to the web. Videos on the internet are one of the most accessible forms of media providing audiovisual aids for instruction, yet they require a certain standard of reliability. YouTube is the number one most popular website with the greatest number of views per day in 2020. We watched the most popular videos on pancreatic cancer on YouTube and analyzed the source, content, popularity, and effectiveness of the videos in educating patients. Methods: When searching for pancreatic cancer on YouTube, the top 100 videos, by view count and relevance, were analyzed in terms of content, views, likes/dislikes, duration, and comments. For videos whose main focus was patient education, an analytic rubric was used to evaluate how comprehensive the video was in explaining all facets of pancreatic cancer including definition, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more. We excluded videos not in English, longer than 20 minutes, in multiple parts, or not relevant to the medical subject of pancreatic cancer. Results: In the top 100 videos, the most common uploaders were the media (48) followed by healthcare providers (30) then professional societies (16). The median video was about 264.5 seconds long and views ranged from 19,861 to 827,929. The most common video content, in descending order, was patient education (39), personal experience (19), and increasing pancreatic cancer awareness (16). There was a statistically significant variation between uploaders and the content of their videos. (p = 0.0007). Patient education videos had an average score of 7.67 ± 2.63 based on the rubric (total 20 points) to evaluate for content. The highest score was 14 points (n=1) and the lowest score was 3 (n=1). There was no statistical difference of the score of a video based on the uploader Discussion: Overall, the educational value of YouTube videos on pancreatic cancer is unsatisfactory, although the majority of the videos uploaded were focused on patient education. Even the highest scoring video only reached the 70th percentile on the rubric. Furthermore, the highest scoring video was 80th in number of views suggesting that they are not attracting a significant audience. With such a wide-reaching and capable tool available, it is important for healthcare providers to upload more videos that garner more views and provide improved content that is comprehensive in teaching patients about pancreatic cancer.
Values presented as mean ± STD with ANOVA, median [IQR] with Kruskal-Wallis Test, or N (%) with Pearson’s chi-square test.
Values presented as mean in number of points and frequency for specific point ranges. For total points, mean ± STD, median, IQR, min, and max points were calculated. P-value for any statistical difference between total points based on various uploaders (healthcare provider, media, professional society) using Kruskal-Wallis Test is 0.43.
Disclosures: Subhash Garikipati indicated no relevant financial relationships. Shiva Jashwanth Gaddam indicated no relevant financial relationships. Udhayvir Grewal indicated no relevant financial relationships. Aakash Sheth indicated no relevant financial relationships. Hrishikesh Samant indicated no relevant financial relationships.