Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center Oklahoma City, Pakistan
Nimrah Bader, MD1, Bryce Yohannan, MD2, Thomas Corredine, DO1, Mohammad Madhoun, MD, MS3; 1Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK; 2University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK; 3Oklahoma City VA Medical Center, Oklahoma CIty, OK
Introduction: Colonoscopy is performed for several indications including colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, adenoma surveillance, and investigation of gastrointestinal symptoms. Insufflation of the colon with gas allows for adequate visualization of the mucosal tissue and advancement of the endoscope. However, it can cause pain and discomfort. Thus, the majority of colonoscopies are performed with sedation to mitigate discomfort. We aimed to study the association between difficulty maintaining insufflation and the type of sedation used during colonoscopy. Methods: We performed a prospective study of patients who had outpatient colonoscopies at the Veteran Affairs Medical Center in Oklahoma City between November 2019 and March 2020. Colonoscopies were performed by gastroenterology fellows and attending gastroenterologists. Procedures were done under Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) with propofol or moderate sedation with fentanyl, midazolam, and diphenhydramine. Insufflation was done with carbon dioxide.
Baseline demographic data were obtained from the electronic medical record (EMR) along with colonoscopy details including type and doses of sedatives; the number of polyps, size of polyps, their specific location in the colon; and total procedure times. A post-procedure questionnaire was completed by the endoscopists asking if they had difficulty maintaining insufflation. Results: A total of 542 participants underwent colonoscopies. Twelve participants were excluded and 37 participants had incomplete questionnaires. We found that difficulty maintaining insufflation was reported in 129 (26%) participants compared to 364 participants where no difficulty was reported. Multivariate analysis showed that patients who had difficulty maintaining insufflation were more likely to be older age (P=0.003), had undergone MAC sedation (P=< 0.0001), were more likely to have longer procedure time (P=.0025) and have a fellow involved in their case (P=0.0002). Discussion: We observed that difficulty in maintaining insufflation during colonoscopy was reported in over one-quarter of the colonoscopies done. We found four factors associated with difficulty maintaining insufflation: use of propofol sedation, older age, fellow involvement, and longer procedural times. The authors could not find literature that explored the maintenance of insufflation. Further investigation into these factors and their relationship with maintaining insufflation is warranted as this may improve the colonoscopy experience.
Table 1: Demographic Information of Participants
Table 2: Multivariate Analysis
Disclosures: Nimrah Bader indicated no relevant financial relationships. Bryce Yohannan indicated no relevant financial relationships. Thomas Corredine indicated no relevant financial relationships. Mohammad Madhoun indicated no relevant financial relationships.