Oral Presentation Session
Reviewed by: Society for Psychological Anthropology
Of interest to: Practicing and Applied Anthropologists
Primary Theme: Resilience
Secondary Theme: Identity and Equity
This panel examines the ways in which anthropologists rooted in different academic traditions approach the complex, global phenomenon of tourism. It aims to identify and compare the extent to which the specific expertise of scholars from various regions may contribute to a more holistic understanding of changes taking place in the modern world, primarily in terms of tourism as a complex multidimensional phenomenon and object of research. Bridging academic worlds is an occasion to exchange and confront both mainstream and underrepresented positions, and may result in analyses which are based on diverse experiences and heritages.
In times of political instability and new challenges, a critical view of resistance, resilience and adaptation is required. How do they proceed in the context of globalization, increased mobility, (re)construction of the cultural heritage of different groups? What is the role of tourism in the processes that are not only fundamental for the economy, but can be understood an opportunity for development and reducing social inequalities or an important factor of the cultural change? How these issues affect the anthropology of tourism, as part of theory and praxis, e.g. staff education. To what extent the practice of tourism anthropology is a result of locality (how do state institutions, economic factors, socio-cultural contexts determine teaching/learning, doing fieldwork, etc.), and/or globality (possibilities for the international cooperation, often extending the standard paths of disciplinarity)? The aim of the proposed panel is to reflect both on the object of research and the manner of conducting it within the certain paradigms, as researchers themselves are object to the processes of change, resistance, resilience and adaptation. The insider-outsider perspective would allow the inclusion of different points of view to discuss topics such as:
- regional specificity of research, doing anthropology of tourism within the mainstream/ 'peripheral' traditions in the discipline (topics selected and/or omitted ones, preferred methods or research perspectives, the effect of national institutional frameworks);
- paradigms and critical perspectives in anthropologically oriented tourism research;
- anthropology of tourism in the context of academia (education of anthropology within tourism studies, international cooperation, opportunities and challenges of bridging different academic worlds);
- the advisory role of anthropologists as experts on tourism development, e.g. sustainability, cultural heritage interpretation, hosts-guests relationships, mediation of tourist experiences, gender issues in the tourist industry, new technologies in tourism;
- resistance and adaptation in the individual career paths in the context of global mobility.